Updating the theory of mutation
C changed to T) or the insertion or deletion of a few letters. Mutations can also be complex, like the deletion or duplication of an entire gene, or even a massive inversion of a millions-of-base-pairs section of a chromosome arm.I do not believe all current human genetic differences are due to mutation.Mutations can be bad or (theoretically) good, but they all involve some change in the sequence of letters (base pairs) in the genome.A single mutation can be as simple as a single letter swap (e.g.Increasing numbers of evolutionists question the validity of their own theory of evolution everyone is taught in school.A recent challenge came from a paper with the intriguing title, “What is mutation?This randomness and lack of purpose is what infuses the modern synthesis with its anti-design characteristic.This is more evident when we consider that a human engineer would purposefully design an adaptable entity with an capacity to solve challenges rapidly and through regulated mechanisms that produce targeted solutions.
” The modern synthesis is the technical name for the classic view of evolution that has held sway for over 80 years.We have to make a distinction between mutation and ‘designed variation’.There are a huge number of single letter differences between people, and these are mostly shared among all people groups.Mutation is also nonrandom in genomic space, with multiple simultaneous mutations falling in local clusters, which may allow concerted evolution…Molecular mechanisms of stress-inducible mutation change ideas about evolution…Mutation is regulated temporally by stress responses, occurring when organisms are poorly adapted to their environments, and occurs nonrandomly in genomes. Similar mechanisms are now described from bacteria to humans, suggesting that regulated mutagenesis may be the rule, not the exception….
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But, in utter contrast, we’re taught that evolutionary adaptation is a very slow and iterative hit-and-miss process where random genetic mistakes somehow produce a smorgasbord of traits out of which the environment somehow externally selects for a few of them.